Work packages


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The PEGASUS project is managed through seven work packages (WP), each of which oversees and/or are responsible for various parts of the three-year project. This is illustrated in the chart below. To view project outputs and deliverables, please go to Resources.

Timeline For Web
  • WP1 Key challenges and conceptual frameworks (March - Oct 2015)

    WP1 aims to clarify the concepts and definitions of public goods (PG) and ecosystem services (ESS) in a rural context, explaining their genesis from different academic disciplines and analysing the overlaps/distinctions between them. One of the outputs of WP1 will be the development of a unifying conceptual approach connecting the ‘environmental and social benefits’ deriving from the provision of public goods and ecosystem services, and which is relevant to agriculture and forestry policy and practice. 

    Another output of WP1 will be the creation of an inventory to characterise the interplay between the production of private goods and related provision of environmental and social benefits from agricultural and forest land in different contexts. WP1 will also involve a review of the methods to assess societal appreciation as an expression of demand for environmental and social benefits delivered by rural land, as well as reviewing the mechanisms already developed to enhance the value attributed to social and environmental benefits from agricultural and forest systems as a means of encouraging their provision, including the use of public and private initiatives. 

    All these strands will be pulled together in the synthesis phase of WP1, deriving key questions to guide WP4 (Case studies) and the analysis within WP5 (Mechanisms, tools and public and private solutions).

  • WP2 Mapping and assessment of current and potential PG/ESS provision in relation to the diversity of EU farming and forestry systems in the EU (March 2015 - Feb 2017)

    The overall objective for WP2 is to develop and refine approaches for categorising and consistently mapping the environmental and social benefits delivered by different types of agriculture and forestry systems – as defined in WP1 (Key Challenges and Conceptual Frameworks) – at EU level, and assess the inter-linkages between management practices and the provision of environmental and social benefits.

    WP2 will achieve this by identifying and refining relevant datasets available to categorise and map the delivery of environmental and social benefits (public goods/ecosystem services) from rural land at EU level; developing a coherent dataset for assessing their delivery spatially in different agriculture and forestry systems in different contexts across Europe; and finally by analysing the patterns and trends of the occurrence of these environmental and social benefits in relation to the diversity of EU farming and forestry systems across Europe.

  • WP3 Socio-political, economic and institutional drivers (July 2015 - March 2016)

    In WP3, PEGASUS will explore the socio-political, institutional and market factors that drive or inhibit the provision of environmental and social benefits from agriculture and forest land. 

    WP3 will identify the key groups of socio-political, economic and institutional variables whose role is crucial in influencing the levels of provision and appreciation of environmental and social benefits, in different contexts in all ten partner countries. The mechanisms by which socio-political, economic and institutional variables are able to foster/hinder this provision and appreciation will be described. Drivers will be examined in relation to diverse farming/forestry systems, socio-ecological conditions and policy instruments in the ten countries, as a means of exploring these drivers at several different levels.

  • WP4 Developing innovative and participatory approaches for PG/ESS delivery (the case studies) (Jan 2016 - Feb 2017)

    PEGASUS will carry out action research via 30-35 sectoral, multi-sectoral and territorial case studies. The case studies will cover a wide spectrum of activities including private sector and traditional issue based approaches as well as more integrative territorial multi-actor approaches where more than one environmental or social benefit are being considered together. In ten carefully selected case studies - one in each of the ten partner countries - more in-depth analyses will be carried out.

    The main objectives of the case studies in PEGASUS are to:

    • achieve a detailed understanding of the functional relationships between farming and forestry and the quantity and quality of environmental or social benefits associated with these activities; 
    • identify how these relationships respond to different drivers or initiatives in policy and markets; 
    • assess the appreciation of such environmental or social benefit in different farming and forestry systems and situations;
    • identify the key motivational, institutional and socio-economic factors which are needed to enable transformative practices; and
    • identify approaches and methods to increase the awareness and provision of environmental or social benefits from agriculture and forestry in different contexts.
  • WP5 Developing robut mechanisms, transferable tools and recommendations to support the development of public and private initiatives in a future perspective (Dec 2016 - Jan 2018)

    The overarching objective of WP5 is to carry out a systematic cross-cutting comparative analysis of the findings from the case studies (WP4) in conjunction with the analysis carried out under WP2 and WP3 to determine what the best ways might be to enable and apply replicable approaches for the provision of benefits in a highly diverse Europe, with a variety of institutions and socio-ecological conditions. 

    Looking ahead to 2025-2030, PEGASUS will develop robust mechanisms and tools for assessing, valorising and strengthening the current and potential contribution of EU agricultural and forestry sectors to the sustained delivery of environmental or social benefits. An operational framework, based on the development of transferable approaches, will be produced that can inform decision-making on the nature of land management required to optimise the delivery of environmental or social benefits in diverse situations and for use by land managers, stakeholders and decision-makers at local, regional, national and EU level.

    WP5 will also contribute to the EU policy agenda by providing recommendations for changes and improvements to relevant policies as well as for the development of market solutions. It will consider how public and private initiatives might work together to best effect as well as how to design EU policies that are sufficiently targeted, yet at the same time elastic enough to foster the most effective and authentic measures in different territories and supply chains.

    In summary, WP5 will:
    • Explain why mechanisms intended to stimulate the provision of benefits related to agriculture and forestry land succeed and why they fail.
    • Propose new or improved approaches and specific mechanisms to increase the provision of a better balance of social, environmental and economic benefits. 
    • Provide concrete commentary and recommendations in certain cases where there has been substantive engagement with stakeholders. 
  • WP6 Communication and dissemination (March 2015 - Feb 2018, and beyond)

    The objective of WP6, which runs for the duration of PEGASUS and beyond, is to communicate and disseminate project results and to facilitate networking and knowledge exchange at all stages of the project to help ensure that its methods and outputs have durable impact. In particular it aims to involve stakeholders through participatory research and co-learning at all stages of PEGASUS; to encourage an EU-wide uptake of its new operational framework, tools and processes and to support proposals for more effective EU policy beyond 2020.

  • WP7 Project coordination and management (March 2015 - Feb 2018)

    PEGASUS is a multidisciplinary project, with a strong action research focus. As such it brings together both academic and practitioner partners within the consortium and its implementation will involve close cooperation with a range of stakeholders and organisations at multiple governance levels (EU, national, regional, local). The project coordination and management is designed to support and actively facilitate the implementation of the PEGASUS project in this way.